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Showing Hanover in PA...

Basic Information
Type of PlaceIndependent City or Town
Metro Area?Independent City or Town
Politics c. 1860?Don't Know
Unions, Organized Labor?Don't Know

Sundown Town Status
Confirmed Sundown Town?Probable
Year of Greatest Interest
Was there an ordinance?Perhaps, Some Oral Evidence
Sign?Perhaps, Some Oral Evidence
Still Sundown?Probably

Census Information
TotalWhiteBlackAsianNativeHispanicOtherBHshld
1860
1870
1880
18903,71728
19005302526932
1910
192086648
193017703
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010
2020

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Method of Exclusion
Threat of Violence;Private Bad Behavior

Main Ethnic Group(s).
German Protestant;German Catholic

Group(s) Excluded
Black

Comments
A teacher from the area whose parents grew up in Hanover said that the town was all white until very recently. She remembered a minor race riot during the late 1980s or early 1990s involving black youths talking to some white girls in the town square. Some white youths took issue with the encounter, and a fight ensued. She added that the fight was reported in the local newspaper - the Evening Sun. She is not sure how they kept blacks out for so long, but is still surprised when she sees a black person in Hanover.

The teacher also said that there was a Klan presence in Lancaster County during the mid-1900s, and recently Klan members have tried to come back to Lancaster for a rally. She remarked that the Klan didn't end up coming back to Hanover, but instead went to nearby Quarryville where the residents were more sympathetic to their activities.

The teacher also said that defacto segregation was and is stronger in sectors of Bucks, Montgomery, Berks, Lancaster etc., then it was in 1955, "The mindset is and was "segregation" was a Southern problem. This is akin to Germans and Austrians proclaiming "that we knew zilch about the annihilation of their fellow Jewish neighbors ultimate fate during "the War Daze und ve vere nitch members uf das partie..."

A woman at Shippensburg University who grew up in Hanover Township said that there were no blacks in any of the three school districts in the area, nor in McSherrystown's Catholic school system. She said that in 6th grade, c.1972, a black family moved in, but only stayed for a week. She also said that from what she had heard, "in the 1950s signs were up at the edge of town, telling blacks not to live there - Logically, since lots of blacks live in nearby York and Gettysburg."

The women also remembered a big uproar when blacks dated some white girls.


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