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Showing Highland Park in TX...

Basic Information
Type of PlaceSuburb
Metro Area?East Texas
Politics c. 1860?
Unions, Organized Labor?

Sundown Town Status
Confirmed Sundown Town?Surely
Year of Greatest Interest
Was there an ordinance?Don't Know
Sign?Don't Know
Still Sundown?Probably Not, Although Still Very Few Blacks

Census Information
TotalWhiteBlackAsianNativeHispanicOtherBHshld
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
194010288897013108
1950
1960
1970101339979119
1980
1990
2000884286013474122411212
2010
2020

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Method of Exclusion
Unknown

Main Ethnic Group(s).
Unknown

Group(s) Excluded
Black

Comments
Highland Park is one of Dallas's most exclusive
suburbs. President George W. Bush lived there at
one time, and Dick Cheney still maintains a home in
Highland Park. When it was developed in 1913,
restrictive covenants applied to every home. After
Brown v. Board of Education in 1954, Highland Park
sent its few black students to school in Dallas
rather than allow them to attend Highland Park
schools. Eventually this was overturned on the basis
of Texas's desegregation laws, to which an
alderman suggested that the city ask homeowners
to fire their live-in servants (the parents of those
black schoolchildren). In 1961, the city of Dallas
stopped accepting children from the suburbs, and
at least one white employer paid rent for a Dallas
address for her black servant's children.

In 1981, 104 people filed a class-action lawsuit
against the town, alledging discrimination and
racial profiling by police against African Americans
and Hispanics. The police often charged people of
color with being "drunk in car", a crime which the
plaintiff's lawyers pointed out was not actually on
the books. Although the police denied the
allegations, the Justic Department became involved,
and reached an agreement with the town to halt the
practice.

A black couple who purchased a house in
Highland Park in 2003 are believed to be the first
black homeowners in the city. According to a June
2003 Newsweek web article, the local paper ran a
story about the couple on the front page, with the
lead "Guess who's coming to dinner? and staying
for a while?" The article also referred to the female
of the couple as "girl". The woman, Karen Watson,
told Newsweek she was "disappointed" with the
lead but happy that race and racial discrimination in
housing were being discussed. Watson is a
mortgage officer and reported that she had seen
racial discrimination in her work.

The city has a reputation for exclusivity applied
any outsiders, not just people of color. Eating lunch
and picnicing is forbidden the local parks. The city
also required fishing permits to fish in any waters
within Highland Park, which violates Texas law as a
state fishing permit is good for all public waters in
Texas and all of the waters within Highland Park are
public. Usage of tennis courts in the public parks is
forbidden to Dallas residents. Two white graduate
students were arrested for violating this ordinance
and offered the choice of a $5 fine or a night in jail.
The students chose jail.
This site was created by Matt Cheney and is copyrighted by James W. Loewen 1997-2010.