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Showing Eureka in CA...

Basic Information
Type of PlaceIndependent City or Town
Metro Area?Independent City or Town
Politics c. 1860?
Unions, Organized Labor?

Sundown Town Status
Confirmed Sundown Town?Surely
Year of Greatest Interest1885
Was there an ordinance?Yes, Written Evidence
Sign?Don't Know
Still Sundown?Surely Not

Census Information
TotalWhiteBlackAsianNativeHispanicOtherBHshld
1860
1870
1880
18904825200
190073277315408
1910
1920
19301575237
19401705545
195028137212
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000261282154442792811012031709
2010
2020

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Method of Exclusion
Violent Expulsion

Main Ethnic Group(s).

Group(s) Excluded
Black;Asian;Native American

Comments
In 1885 a Chinese man accidently shot and killed
a Eureka city councilman. Within two days the city's
Chinatown, formerly home to 480 Chinese Americans,
ceased to exist.
Chinese Americans expelled from Eureka
unsuccessfully attempted to sue for damages relating
to property lose. In the U.S. Circuit Court case Wing
Hing v. Eureka, the court noted that the Chinese
residents owned no land and held that their other
property was worthless.
Well into the twentieth century a tendency to
glory in the anti-Chinese attitude was much in
evidence."
Shortly after the expulsion, a citizen's committee
drafted an unofficial law stating:
"1) That all Chinamen be expelled from the city and
that none be allowed to return.
2) That a committee be appointed to act for one year,
whose duty shall be to warn all Chinamen who may
attempt to come to this place to live, and to use all
reasonable means to prevent their remaining. If the
warning is disregarded, to call mass meetings of
citizens to whom the case will be referred for proper
action.
3) That a notice be issued to all property owners
through the daily papers, requesting them not to lease
or rent property to Chinese."
On the first anniversary of the expulsion, Eureka
citizens met to renew their pledges to keep Chinese
people out of the city. They also offered help to other
towns attempting to expel Chinese people.
The anti-Chinese ordinance was repealed in
1959, and a few Chinese Americans now live in the
city.
This site was created by Matt Cheney and is copyrighted by James W. Loewen 1997-2010.